Pearl-producing mussels generally come from families Pteriidae, but commonly referred to only certain types such as gold or silver-lip pearl oyster (pearl shell gold lip or lip silver) Pinctada maxima, the black-lip pearl oysters (black lip pearl oysters) Pinctada margaritifera, Akoya pearl oysters (Akoya pearl oysters) Pinctada fucata and the winged-pearl oysters (winged pearl oysters) Pteria penguin. All members of this family live in the sea. While other mollusks that produce pearls are known so far come from abalone and some other gastropods and bivalves are several types of freshwater mussels.
Each type of pearl oysters produce pearls with different specifications. Pinctada maxima produces relatively larger pearls of all types of shells producing pearls, silver, gold and beige. This species is much cultivated in Indonesia, Burma, Thailand and Australia. While shellfish species Pinctada margaritifera is a prima donna south pacific countries. The resulting pearl color varies from beige to black. The black color is the color that customer demand pearl world today. Thus, price is very expensive. The diameter of the resulting pearls are generally smaller than that produced by Pinctada maxima. While Pinctada fucata is the kind that many are cultivated in Japan, and Pteria penguin is not much cultivated since the results so far allocated only in certain circles given the shape of pearls they produce are generally not circular.
1. PEARL of ALLAH / Lao-Tze Pearl
Pearl of Allah (officially known as the Lao-Tze Pearl) is the world's largest pearl found in 1934 off the coast of Palawan Island Philippines by a diver. Pearls are used as gifts to Wilbur Dowell Cobb by chiefs in Palawan in 1936 because Cobb had saved his life. Cobb descendants sold it to the pearl jewelry store in California in 1980 with the price of 200,000 U.S. dollars. The price is currently estimated at 40 million U.S. dollars.
This giant pearl found in the giant clam Tridacna gigas. Things could not be produced by pearl oysters from the Family Pteriidae or pearl-producing oysters from other species. Shape of pearls Pearl of Allah does not irregular (baroque) and resembles a large head brain. Which reached 23.8 cm long and weighs 6.4 pounds making it the largest pearl found so far.
2. La Peregrina
La peregrina or the travelers (traveler) is a pearl found in the Perlas Islands, off the coast of Panama in the 1500s. That said, the pearl was discovered by a slave who wants freedom as payment of the discovery of pearls. Pearl was taken and submitted to the Spanish King Phillip II and the king presented him to Queen Mary, as a marriage gift. Brother of Napoleon I, Joseph Bonaparte took the pearl and took him to France and finally until this pearl to the Duke of Abercrombie.
Finally, the pearl was purchased with the price of 37 thousand U.S. dollars by Richard Burton and presented him as a Valentine's Day gift to Elizabeth Taylor. The uniqueness of this pearl, in addition perjalanannnya so long, she has a shape like a tear or pear, and weighs 10,192 grams.
3. Big Pink Pearl
Large pink colored pearl is worth 4.7 million U.S. dollars in 1991. He noted in the book Guinness Book of Records as the largest pearl found from abalone (Haliotis). Baroque-shaped and having an equivalent weight of 470 Carat 94 grams. Pearl is owned by Wesley Rankin who found it in Salt Point State Park, California in 1990.
4. Abernathy Pearl
Natural pearl from fresh water was discovered by William Abernathyl, the pearl divers in the river Tay in 1967. With the weight of 44 grains, pearls are considered the most perfect pearl found in the rivers in Scotland. Pearl is named "the Little Willie".